In its completed version, the Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers comprised 17 volumes of articles and 11 volumes of illustrations, published in Paris between 1751 and 1765. The work was intended to represent the most advanced state of contemporary knowledge in every discipline conceivable, ranging from natural history and mathematics to religion and philosophy to the mechanical arts. Authors with special expertise across the range of subjects were recruited to write articles. Moreover, it was hoped that the careful organization of the project would reveal to its readers the connections and interrelations among the various branches of knowledge. The Encyclopédie was initially coedited by two well-known philosophes, Denis Diderot and Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, until d'Alembert resigned from the project in 1758, leaving Diderot the sole editor. It is often regarded as the first modern encyclopedia and one of the signal works of That ...