Although it need not refer only to monarchical rule, absolutism usually refers to royal absolutism. The rise and peak of the age of royal absolutism is usually located in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe, particularly in France and among such men as Jean Bodin, Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, and Louis XIV. The term absolutism , however, entered political discourse only in the eighteenth century, a century sometimes associated with enlightened absolutism. Absolutism is essentially a doctrine about the absence of limits to royal power. It is not, strictly speaking, a doctrine about the origins of royal power: Although absolutist claims were often tied to the ...